WHAT IS SPERM?
Sperm is an organic compound with a pearly-white and liquid-albumin consistency, with an opalescent appearance, containing male germ cells: spermatozoa. Once released into the vagina through ejaculation, together with the other components of sperm, the female reproductive apparatus goes back to fertilize the egg cell and start a pregnancy. In some cases of infertility, situation for which a couple does not get a natural conception after at least 12 months, the man produces an insufficient number of sperms to fertilization. The sperm must have precise peculiarities: sufficient number of spermatozoa with good motility and a correct morphology and structure, which allows the penetration of the female egg cell.
Male factor infertility affects nearly the 50% of infertile worldwide couples who want to conceive and who require empirical therapy. Sperm count is considered lower than normal if you have fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen.
WHO DOES USE THE SPERM TEST?
The Sperm Test is indicated for all men who want to check the number of sperm produced or for those who wish to carry out appropriate checks before planning a conception.
HOW DOES THE SPERM TEST WORK?
Sperm Test is a biochemical assay for in vitro qualitative estimation of sperm concentration in human semen. Sperm cells are trapped on the surface of the first layer of the membrane and staining solution is used that can dye sperm cells. The darker the colour of well A the higher the sperm concentration. If the colour of well A is lighter than the standard one of reference well B, it means that the concentration of sperm is less than 15 million/mL. If the colour of well A is darker than the standard colour of reference B it means that the sperm concentration is greater than 15 million/mL.
WHEN SHOULD I DO THE SPERM TEST?
The Sperm Test is a preliminary diagnostic system, it is always good investigating with a specialist help any positive results at low concentrations. The Test is for home use and should be done if you intend to plan a conception or suspect a situation of male infertility.