WHAT IS HELICOBACTER PYLORI?
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram negative microorganism that chronically infects more than half of the world’s population and plays a causative role in in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer and diseases, gastric cancer and mucosa-associated lymphoma. Generally the majority of people carry the bacterium but, thanks to a good balance between the pathogenic power of the microorganism and the immune defenses of the subject, it is possible to guarantee an adequate protection. This is why those affected by significant immunodeficiency are definitely more exposed to the bacterium. Hp grows in a particularly acidic environment, protected by a layer of mucus, because of it the bacterium is inside the stomach and the duodenum, where it can cause serious damages developing chronic gastritis and ulcers (about the 90% of gastric ulcers are caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori). The half of the patients with Hp do not have any particular symptoms, in general there are gastritis and a strong burning sensation in the stomach. It is an infection that can easily be treated with specific antibiotics, if cured early and adequately diagnosed.
WHO DOES USE THE HELICOBACTER PYLORI TEST?
The Helicobacter pylori Test is suitable for anyone who wants to periodically check their health. Suitable for everyone has gastric symptoms, like: heartburn or pain in the upper part of the abdomen, vomiting, nausea, feeling full, difficulty during digestion, reflux, loss of appetite, burping, diarrhoea and gastric pain.
HOW DOES THE HELICOBACTER PYLORI TEST WORK?
The Helicobacter pylori Test is a highly specific rapid immunological device that, with a simple drop of blood, is able to detect the presence of anti-Hp antibodies in the body (IgG), that are produced by the immune system after coming into contact with the bacterium and trying to eliminate it. Quick results in just 5 minutes!
WHEN SHOULD I DO THE H. PYLORI TEST?
Doing the Helicobacter pylori Test is recommended for all people who have a healthy lifestyle and intend to operate a correct prevention. Sometimes Hp infection is asymptomatic and therefore not easily linked to specific gastric disorders.
In 1994, The National Institute of Health recognized that most recurrent duodenal and gastric ulcers were caused by H. pylori. In the same year, the International Agency for Research on Cancer declared Hp to be a group I human carcinogen for gastric adenocarcinoma. Checking the presence of specific antibodies against Hp is a very useful tool to detect the infection.